Egyptian Moon god Aah - The Lunar Calendar
Aah was an ancient Egyptian moon god and time.
He was also revered as a god of fertility. Aah
was in charge of the ancient lunar year
(12 to 13 months of 28 days each). The ancient
Egyptians used the sun, moon, the planets, and
the stars as a reference for measuring the
passage of time and charted the heavenly skies
to make some sort of sense out of their
environment. The first ancient Egyptian calendar
dates back to 4236 B.C.E. The changing phases of
the moon were extremely important to the ancient
Egyptians. The earliest Egyptian calendar was
based on the cycles of the moon but it did not
enable the Egyptians to predict the annual
flooding of the Nile. Aah was also revered as a
fertility god. The lunar calendar in Egypt was
used by priests as a guide to improving the
yield of agriculture crops on which much of
ancient Egypt's wealth was based.
the god of Fertility
The flooding of the Nile was of such
importance that the Egyptians based their
lives around it. Months were grouped into
three, four-month, seasons.
was the time of the Nile flood (June - September)
was the sowing time (October - January)
was the time of harvest (February - May)
The Egyptian months were organized as twelve
30-day months, so there were 5 extra days.
Myth of Aah and the extra 5 days
In an ancient Egyptian myth the goddess Nut
had been cursed by Ra so that should could
never give birth on any day of the year.
Thoth played a dice game with Aah and won
enough lunar light to make five extra days.
Thoth inserted them into the month of July.
These extra 5 days were not included in the
curse of Ra so this allowed Nut to give
birth to her five children, Osiris, Horus,
Isis, Nephthys, and Set.