Sothis, goddess of Egypt

Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses for kids - Sothis

The Mythology & History of ancient Egypt surrounding the Egyptian goddess Sothis, the goddess of sky and stars


Sothis, goddess of Egypt
Discover the legends and myths and religious beliefs surrounding Sothis, also known as Sopdet, the Egyptian Sky Goddess of the stars who personified the Dog Star, Sirius which appeared at dawn in July which heralded the annual inundation of the Nile so she was also closely associated with the fertility and prosperity. She is depicted with a star above her head or wearing the tall conical white crown of Upper Egypt surmounted by a star. She is also occasionally seen riding on the back of a dog, a reference to the Dog Star. Additional, interesting facts and information about ancient Egypt, and its mysterious gods and goddesses, is also available via:

Who was Sothis?
Sothis was the Egyptian goddess of sky and stars and of fertility and prosperity. Guide to the pharaohs in the Afterlife

Facts about Sothis
The following facts and profile provides a fast overview of Sothis:

Sothis Profile & Fact File

Egyptian Name:Sothis. Alternative names: Sopdet, Soqdet, Sepdet
Role & Function:The function of Sothis is described as being the sky goddess of stars, fertility and prosperity
Status:A minor goddess worshipped at a local level
Symbols:The Five pointed star, the Ankh, the Was Scepter
Cult Center:Her center of worship was Saft el-Hinna southeast of the modern city of Zagazig in the Nile Delta of Lower Egypt
Titles:The "Bringer of the New Year", the "Bringer of the Nile Flood", the "Skilled Woman"
Name of Consort:Sah and their son the child-god Soped
Name in Hieroglyphics:
Translation of Hieroglyphics for Sothis: Bread symbol meaning provider of food, the star of Sirius, the dog star and the symbols indicating a female goddess


The Egyptian Gods and Goddesses


Sothis in Egyptian Mythology
Sothis, the Egyptian goddess of sky and stars, featured in the stories, myths and legends in Egyptian Mythology. Accoding to ancient Egyptian mythology the goddess Isis identifies herself with Sothis (Sopdet) as she laments the death of Osiris and vows to follow him in his manifestation as the constellation Orion. Sothis (Sopdet) was closely linked to the goddess Satet, the Egyptian the water goddess of the Nile and the annual inundation of the river.

The Role of Sothis
The role and duties of Sothis were:

  • Goddess of fertility and agriculture
  • Guiding the heavens and human destiny
  • The kings guide in the celestial 'Field of Rushes', the ancient Egyptian paradise
  • Sothis was revered for the prosperity that was brought to Egypt by the flooding of the Nile
  • A "mother" and a "nurse"

The Symbol of Sothis the Five pointed Star
Ancient Egyptians believed that the five points of the star represented the forces of earth, wind, fire, water and spirit.

Sothis and Flooding of the Nile
The association between Sothis and Sirius, the dog star was extremely important to the ancient Egyptians. Sirius was a very important star that, after disappearing from view for seventy days, re-appeared. The heliacal rising of the star Sirius was used by the ancient Egyptians to predict the coming of the annual Nile flood. (The Heliacal rising of a star occurs when it first becomes visible above the eastern horizon for a brief moment just before sunrise, after a period of time when it had been invisible). This rising occurred within a month or so of the beginning of the Nile flood, and was a matter of primary importance to the agriculture of ancient Egypt. The annual inundation of the River Nile marked the beginning of the agricultural year hence the titles of Sothis: the "Bringer of the New Year" and the "Bringer of the Nile Flood". Every year a torrent of water overflowed on to the banks of the River Nile leaving a thick rich mud (called black silt) that fertilized the land making it ideal for growing the crops. The flooding of the River Nile was of such importance that the Egyptians based their lives around it.

  • Akhet was the time of the Nile flood (June - September)
  • Peret was the sowing time (October - January)
  • Shemu was the time of harvest (February - May)


  • Sothis
  • Interesting research information and Facts about the Egyptian goddess Sothis
  • Sothis, the Egyptian goddess of sky and stars
  • Stories and Legends in Egyptian Mythology associated with Sothis
  • Facts and information about the gods and deities of of classical Egypt for schools, research and kids
  • Sothis, the Egyptian goddess of sky and stars

The Egyptian Gods and Goddesses


Sothis and the Dog Star Sirius
Some information and facts about Sothis and Sirius the Dog star:

  • Sirius is the brightest star visible in the sky
  • It is in the constellation of Canis Major
  • The first appearance of Sirius occurs just before the annual Nile flooding
  • The ancient Egyptians considered the heliacal rising of Sirius to be the magical cause of the Nile Flood.
  • The Sirius period was associated with the hottest days of summers and the diseases and epidemics 'caused' by the heat

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